The majority of my computer repair customers have a general understanding of a computer hard drive. Yet they seem to struggle with understanding data storage in general. Most of the time when I suggest to a customer a flash drive, an external hard drive, or cloud storage, will work best for them, they get that look in their eyes and then say I have no clue what you’re talking about. “Computer Drives Flash Drives and And Cloud Storage Explained” is extremely helpful for beginner and intermediate computer users.
I am going to explain the differences between the various “Data Storage “DRIVES” and what applications they work best for.
How To Identify What Is a “Drive”
Notice I all capped the word “DRIVES” and that’s because no matter what type of storage it is, if it’s hardware, then it is a “Drive”. In Windows 10 you go to “This PC” and that’s where you will find what drives are connected to that computer. You will see the “C” drive which is the computer hard drive, and maybe the D: DVD Drive. If it’s designed for data storage then it’s a drive. All drives will be visible in “This PC” in Windows 10. It doesn’t matter if it is a flash drive, SD card, hard drive, or USB external hard drive. All drives that are connected to a computer are visible in the same place.
How To Easily Access A Flash Drive, Hard Drive and SD Card
Go To This PC to access your drives – Just double click and the drive will open
Hard Drives, Flash Drives, SD Cards, are all designed for the purpose of storing data. The Cloud is not a physical drive that you can touch, see or feel, but it is still has a hard drive involved. because it’s still a physical computer out there somewhere. The cloud is when you are storing data in a remote location. The data is stored on a “physical server” versus in your local “C” drive on your computer.
It’s best to perceive all hard drives as temporary storage compared to the cloud. The reason is simple, all hard drives and computers will Fail at some point in time. The cloud is not only continuously backed up but it’s actually backed up in multiple locations. so it is impossible for a failed drive and or equipment to jeopardize losing your files.
A hard drive is the equivalent of a physical storage warehouse with the exception that it’s storing data versus an actual product. Hard drives are designed to last for many years and can be tested and measured for longevity. Easy to use software (Hard Disk Sentinel) can test the health and performance as well as measure days and hours of usage.
There are two different types of hard drives, the first is a “mechanical” and the second is “Solid State”.
A mechanical hard drive is using a “Disk” internally that is similar looking to a CD but much smaller. This disk runs at a very high rate of speed in a sealed airtight casing. The key is that it has moving parts so they wear out over time, and or can fail at any time, like anything else that is “mechanical”.
An SSD (solid-state drive) has no moving parts, SSD storage has a series of “Chips” versus a “disk” inside a mechanical drive. Compared to a mechanical hard drive an SSD is much faster and seamless which results in no “buffering. Buffering is when you see a wheel spinning on the screen because your hard drive is working. You will rarely experience buffering with an SSD.
Solid State Hard Drives and Mechanical Hard Drives Have a Limited Lifespan
The common misconception of SSD’s is that it will outlast a mechanical hard drive because there aren’t any moving parts. Although there aren’t any moving parts in an SSD, they still have a limited lifespan. SSD’s are designed using memory chips and the chips fail in time from heat deterioration.
Solid-state hard drives are far superior to mechanical hard drives because they are noticeably faster, but they do cost more. In 2020 I am noticing the SSD’s prices dropping in price which would suggest that mechanical drives are rapidly getting phased out.
All hard drives will fail at some point! So when using a computer hard drive, an external hard drive, an SD card, or a flash drive to store all of your important documents, pictures music, and videos, it’s imperative to have them in two separate locations. In other words, backed-Up. For the cost of a flash drive, there is no excuse to not have backups for everything that you can’t afford to lose!
The most important thing to keep in top of mind awareness is all hard drives will fail at some point.
If you have hard drive testing software, like Hard Disk Sentinel, you can know ahead of time if a drive is failing. Unfortunately, most people won’t monitor their hard drives health. Far too many will experience a catastrophic failure and end up losing their data.
How a Flash Drive Also Known As a Thumb Drive Works
A “Flash Drive” and a “Thumb Drive” are the same thing and come in various sizes for the amount of data storage they can hold. They are basically the same as an SSD in the sense there are no moving parts, just a storage chip inside. As you can see in the above image they plug into a USB Port.
Flash drives are designed as “Temporary” storage because they are cheaply manufactured. Relative to a computer hard drive a flash drive can and will fail. Flash drives are not designed with the same sophistication relative to a computer hard drive.
The primary purpose of a flash drive is to move data from one computer or device to another, so long as it has a USB input on that device.
SD Cards Explained
SD Cards also are known as “Flash Storage” is the small storage card that’s inside cell phones and “Chrome Books” and operates the same as a “Flash Drive”. The difference between the two is an “SD Card requires a special slot for that specific device whereas a “Flash Drive” plugs into any device with a USB input.
As a professional technician, I highly recommend staying away from devices like Chrome Books that are designed to look like a computer but have an SD Card as it’s primary storage drive. SD Cards can not install most Windows Programs because it’s not a Windows operating system. The limitations of a Chrome Book can be extremely frustrating.
Chromebooks Use SD Storage Cards
Chromebooks are designed to use with using the cloud and can be a great companion for very specific ONLINE work. The idea is to use the cloud for your storage which is the way of the future. The problem is far too many consumers do not understand all this and will get extremely frustrated.
SD Cards Work Best for Smart Phones and Cameras
SD Cards were originally designed and work best for Smart Phones and Cameras. They are an excellent upgrade for increasing your Smart Phone storage, you can never have too much storage.
Video requires a large amount of storage and SD cards come in large storage capacity for this reason. Transfer rate speeds are important as well because the faster the rate the less waiting.
A 512GB can hold a full day of 4K video and that’s why SD Cards come in large Storage capacity. So you can upgrade the size of your SD Card in your phone, camera, and Chromebook.
Cloud Storage Explained
The Cloud is actually a very basic concept that is the future in present in 2020. I can’t think of any other way to signify the importance of the cloud and its significance in the roadmap of the direction computing is going.
The cloud is more of a reference than an actual thing. All the cloud is a place to store data other than storing it on the device you’re using. So if I am storing some pictures, documents, video, music on the cloud, I simply refer to the fact that it’s not stored on my device. It’s still on a computer somewhere, such as but certainly not limited to Google Drive, One Drive (Microsoft), Dropbox, and many more. I use Google Drive because they give everybody 15GB of Free Cloud Storage. If you have a Gmail account you have a 15GB Free Cloud storage account using the exact same credentials as your email login.
Why Do I Use The Cloud?
I use cloud storage for one primary reason, It’s impossible for me to lose my most important data. I use it for those treasured pictures and documents because I know all my devices will fail at some point, and that’s coming from a professional computer technician with 25 years of experience!
Why do I use Google Drive for my personal files? It’s because they have the money to protect my personal files and guarantees I will never lose them. There isn’t anything that Google values more than security, and they can afford the best security in the world!
I also use the cloud for websites and business purposes, but I purchase that storage from Get More Hosting because I control it. I’ll get back to this later in the article.
The Cloud Provides Many Layers of encryption To Protect It’s Users
Cloud storage security is why if you don’t know your password for your email you are subject to a tortures process getting into your own email account. This happens because Google is being trusted with the most important digital files we own on its cloud servers. Although I am using Google as an example, you can trust that these cloud service providers are all doing the same thing.
There is one way that nobody in the world can protect your data, give somebody your login credentials. The key to safety when using cloud storage is never, ever let anybody know your login credentials.
Why Can The Cloud Guarantee My Data Will Be Protected From Loss?
The reason cloud storage is the only way to guarantee not losing data is that it’s backed up daily at a different location from the servers your data is stored on. The Cloud storage system is all run on servers that are using the highest level of encryption that exists. I am speaking of large companies that have these cloud servers already in place and ready to go, not some fly by nighter in their garage. I personally think it’s important to have 24/7 phone customer support available, and that’s why I use Get More Hosting.
How To Protect Your Data
The most important thing to be aware of is your devices sharing data and devices capturing data. If you want genuine safety and security then I highly recommend accessing your account on one main device and set that operating system to not share with other devices.
Apple will put all your data on other devices and you’ll be looking at pictures on your phone and you didn’t know it’s sinking everything in the cloud folder. Sinking devices can catch people up in a situation they’re not prepared for.
Windows 10 has the “share with other device features” and will sink to them if it’s not turned off.
I do not sink my devices, for this reason, I don’t want everything everywhere. I can lose my phone anywhere at any time but not so with my desktop computer. The likelihood of my phone ending up in unscrupulous hands is a hundred times greater than my desktop falling into the wrong hands.
How To Use The Cloud Without The Possibility of Mistakenly Sinking To Other Devices
The best cloud storage, which is commonly used to host websites like this one is to own it independently. Buy your own storage as I do at “Get More Hosting“. It’s cheap and secure and I control it not a conglomerate. I will admit that I started out with free cloud services but they do come with a price, they control it, not me. So I have adapted to using independent storage because it won’t turn into a nightmare such as mistakenly sinking to other devices. Sinking devices is tricky because you would want to control them. It seems to me that the biggest issue is all the conglomerate providers don’t allow you to control it.
Sinking Across Devices
You have two choices it’s either sink or don’t sink across devices. This has caused many people personal heartaches because they didn’t have a keen understanding of what sinking really is. My recommendation is to avoid sinking Personal email accounts and devices. On the other hand, many businesses benefit greatly from sinking across devices. good idea for a business but can be a bad idea with personal devices and email accounts.
The Cloud Is Awesome and It’s Here To Stay!
The bottom line is the cloud is awesome because I can’t lose the information that I can’t afford to lose. We all have a huge personal responsibility when it comes to protecting our data. It’s imperative to use passwords that you don’t share with anyone.
We are going to adjust to using the cloud just like we have adjusted to using computers.
The sooner you use the cloud the sooner you’ll get comfortable with it. If you don’t make the effort to use the cloud routinely, you will fall behind the people that do.